Cumulative Impact on Eyes and Skin
No amount of UV rays is good for the eyes
Have you ever thought about the damage the sun causes to your eyes? If sun exposure can tan your skin or cause sunburn, imagine what it can do to your eyes – when not protected! UV rays are harmful for the eyes and the delicate skin around them. They contribute to eye and skin aging and may cause important diseases over time.
We are not equally sun-sensitive : it depends on our skin type and hair color. But when eyes are concerned, we are all equally threatened ! No amount of UV is good for the eyes, whatever their color. Our eyes are extremely sensitive as these are the only internal tissue of the body directly exposed to UV light. UVA and UVB have a cumulative impact over time, causing diseases like cataracts and others that can threaten your vision over the short or long-term.
The skin around the eye is also extremely thin and delicate. UV rays accelerate ageing, leading to wrinkles all around the eyes -on the eyelids for example – and to sunspots, and are linked to the development of skin diseases, including different forms of skin cancer.
Protecting the skin around your eyes every day is essential to your vision and health. Consider UV protection parameters when choosing your next eyeglasses and sunglasses. And of course, do not forget to wear them outside!
UV impact on your eyes
UV rays can cause short term discomfort (glare, blurred images, inflammations, photokeratitis) but they mainly cause long-term irreversible damage, contributing to eye diseases and premature appearance of cataracts.
Some eye diseases and conditions are caused by aging and cannot be prevented. But we can prevent UV damage and reduce the sun’s effect on our visual health wearing the adequate protection.
UV Impact on your Skin
Ultraviolet can cause sunburns, sunspots, premature appearance of wrinkles. In the worst cases, it can also lead to cancers (melanoma & carcinoma).
About the skin type, the World Health Organization says :
” It is a popular misconception that only fairskinned people need to be concerned about overexposure to the sun. Darker skin has more protective melanin pigment, and the incidence of skin cancer is lower in darkskinned people. Nevertheless, skin cancers do occur with this group and unfortunately they are often detected at a later, more dangerous stage. The risk of UV radiation-related health effects on the eye and immune system is independent of skin type.”
UV are directly linked to skin cancer, amongst which 90 % appear above the neck, and 5 to 10 % to the periphery of the eye.*
* Pleasance ED, Cheetham RK, Stephens PJ, et al. A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations from a human cancer genome. Nature; 2009; 463:191-196